Goals form the basis by which we measure success. Realistic or not, the goal itself determines the pathways we take in the attempt to obtain them. Today I want to talk about two of the basic categories of goals: Outcome and Process Goals. Understanding the difference might make the difference between success and failure in your next event – even when the result in the race itself remains unchanged.
Outcome Goals find their way into our lives all the time. “Win the triathlon,” or “Finish top-10,” or “Finish within the time-cutoff,” or “lose 20 pounds,” or “finish my homework.” A simple “check the box yes or no” states whether you achieved it or not.
While these goals serve well as a driver for success, they tend to ignore many of those things that do NOT fall into our realm of control. A flat tire can cost you a victory in a race. Does that mean that you did everything wrong? No. It means you got a flat tire. Would you have won the race had you not gotten a flat tire? That depends on how the rest of the race goes. Enter (the more important) Process Goals.
Process Goals outline those specific things you need to focus your efforts on in order to achieve your Outcome Goal(s). Continuing the example of “Win the Triathlon” as our Outcome Goal, process goals outlining your nutrition plan (how many calories per hour? what will you eat? is there a schedule? is there a plan B if plan A isn’t working? Is there a Plan C? some criteria to determine when you might be able to get back to plan A?), your effort (how fast / hard are you going to go? How will you monitor this effort?), and your technique (is your form good – regardless of sport?) and finally, your mental strategy (are you present, or instead thinking about who is in front? who is coming up behind? about what’s for dinner?). Those are the extent of your controllable items necessary to achieve your goal of winning the race: your nutrition, your effort, your technique, and your mental space. And that’s it.
You cannot control a flat tire (beyond avoiding that piece of glass!). You cannot control the headwinds. You cannot control the ability of your fellow competitors. You can only maximize your nutrition, effort, technique, and mental space. The first 3 are relatively easy. That last one is where we get in trouble – and the one that cost me RAW last year (and will be my next blog topic!). Control your controllables. Nothing else matters.
In order to be successful at your Outcome Goal, you must focus on the Process Goals. If you are absolutely successful with your Process Goals, you were successful in doing everything you could to succeed. Things beyond your control or beyond your experience – should you come across something that happens which you could have, in retrospect, controlled – may ultimately lead to failure with respect to the Outcome Goal. However one must realize that success does not revolve solely around the outcome. The better you get at succeeding in the process, the more likely your outcome will be successful. Perfect your Process, and you maximize your likelihood of a successful Outcome.
That alteration in defining success rejuvenated my triathlon career (and, indeed, athletic career) in 2003. After 10 years of racing triathlons, and defining success based on the results in the paper the next day, I realized that the very definition of a terrific race was me looking back on that effort and saying I gave it everything I had – regardless of the actual result. In turn, I realized that during a number of races I would mentally quit early in the run when I didn’t think I would get to the result I had sought. That lead to significant disappointment – both in the knowledge that I failed in my goal, but also subconsciously sabotaged my effort. Once I defined the race by the effort at the finish line (did I give it everything I had?), I not only significantly improved my consistency of results – because I never again shut it down due to expectations of failure – but I also never had a bad race again. They were all the best I could do on the day I had, because I focused on the Process of doing the best I could.
Define your endpoint (Outcome), and then determine the best pathway to get there (Process). The Outcome serves as the motivator, the Process as the determinant of success. Good luck!